Marine and Estuarine Mollusc of West Bengal Coast: An Overview


  • Marine Aquarium and Regional Centre, Zoological Survey of India, Digha – 721428, West Bengal
  • Department of Zoology, West Bengal State University, Barasat – 700126, West Bengal
  • Freshwater Biology Regional Centre, Zoological Survey of India, Hyderabad - 500048, Telangana
  • Marine Aquarium and Regional Centre, Zoological Survey of India, Digha – 721428, West Bengal



Checklist, Coastal Fauna, Conservation, Malacological Diversity


Present paper is an overview of marine and estuarine mollusc of West Bengal coast, based on recent surveys and the published literature. The checklist consists of Gastropoda, Scaphopoda, Bivalve and Cephalopoda available in and around the marine and estuarine waters of West Bengal coast. In total 301 species are enlisted, belongings to 184 genera, 89 families and 26 orders under four classes. Also, the paper includes the 5 species which are new record to the West Bengal coast.


Download data is not yet available.




How to Cite

Chandra Tudu, P., Ghorai, N., Yennawar, P., & Balakrishnan, S. (2018). Marine and Estuarine Mollusc of West Bengal Coast: An Overview. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, 118(3), 217–241.





Annandale, N. 1907. The fauna of Brackish water ponds at Port Canning, Lower Bengal, Pt.1. Introduction & Preliminary account of the fauna, Records of Indian Museum, 1(1): 35-44.

Annandale, N. 1922. Bivalve molluscs injuring brick works in the Culcutta docks, J. Asiat. Soc. Beng., 18: 555-557.

Annandale, N. and Prashad, B. 1919. Some gastropods mollusc from the Gangetic delta, Records of Indian Museum, 16(3): 241-257.

Annandale, N. and Prashad, B. 1921. The Indian molluscs of estuarine subfamily: Stenothyrinae, Records of Indian Museum, 22: 125136.

Bieler, R., Carter, J.G. and Coan, E.V. 2010. Classification of Bivalve families, Malacologia, 52(2):113-184.

Bouchet, P. 2015. Jitlada hanleyi M. Huber, Langleit & Kreipl, 2015. In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at on 2017-11-14 Bouchet, P. and Rocroi, J.P. 2005. Classification and Nomenclature of Gastropod families, Malacologia, 47 (1-2): 1- 397.

Bouchet, P., Kantor, Yu. I., Sysoev, A. and Puillandre, N. 2011. A new operational classification of the Conoidea (Gastropoda), Journal of Molluscan Studies, 77: 273-308.

Chakraborty, S.K. 2010. Coastal environment of Midnapore, West Bengal: Potential threats and management, Jour. Coast. Env., 1(1): 17-40.

Chandrasekhara Rao, G. and Misra, A. 1986. The meiofauna and macrofauna of Digha beach, West Bengal, India. Rec. zool. Surv. India, 83 (3&4): 31-49.

Choudhury, A., Bhunia, A. B. and Nandi, S. 1984. Preliminary survey on macrobenthos of Prentice Island, Sundarbans, West Bengal, Rec. zool. Surv. India, 81 (3&4): 81-92.

Dey, A. 2006. Handbook on mangrove associate mollusc of Sundarbans: 1-96 (Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata)

Dey, A. 2016. Catalogue of marine molluscs (Polyplacophora and Gastropoda): 1-687 (Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata)

Dey, M. and Mitra, A. 2005. Molluscan Community around Digha Coast, West Bengal, India. Journal of Environment and Sociobiology, 2:43-47.

Dey, M., Jamadar, Y. A.and Mitra, A. 2005. Distribution of intertidal malacofauna at Sagar Island, Rec. zool. Surv. India, 105 (1&2): 25-35.

Eliot, C. 1910. Notes on nudibranch from the India museum, Records of Indian Museum, V: 247-252.

Goswami, B.C.B. 1992, Marine Fauna of Digha Coast, J. mar. biol. Ass. India, 34 (1&2): 115-137.

Huber, M. 2010. Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks.

Jereb P, Vecchione, M. and Roper, C. F. E. 2010. Family Loliginidae. In: Jereb, P. and Roper, C. F. E. (editor), Cephalopods of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of species known to date. Volume 2. Myopsid and Oegopsid Squids. FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 4 (2):38-117(73).

Khalua, R.K., Chakravarty, G. and Chakraborty, S.K. 2003. Annotated list of molluscs from the coastal tract of Midnapore district, West Bengal, India. J. mar. biol. Ass. India, 45 (2): 245 – 249.

Khan, R.A. 2003. Biodiversity of macrobenthos on the intertidal flats of Sundarban estuarine region, India, Rec. zool. Surv. India, 101 (3&4): 181-205.

Kilburn, R.N. 1989. Notes on Ptychobela and Brachytoma, with description of a new species from Mozambique (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Turridae). Ann. Natal. Mus, 30: 185-196.

Mandal, A.K. and Nandi, N.C. 1989. Fauna of Sundarban mangrove ecosystem, West Bengal, India. Fauna of Conservation Areas, 3: 1-116.

MolluscaBase. 2018. Euterebra padangensis (Thiele, 1925). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: on 2018-06-06

Nevill, G. 1880. New species of brackish water molluscs, J. Asiat. Soc. Beng., 49(2): 159-166.

Oliver, P.G. and Glover, E. 1996. Paphia (Protapes) (Bivalvia: Veneroidea) in the Arabian Sea, with the description of new species, J. Conch. Lond, 35: 389-405.

Perna, R.L. 2007. Revision of Nuculanidae (Bivalvia: Protobranchia) from the Cerulli Irelli collection (Mediteranean, Pleistocene), Bollettino della Società Paleontologica Italiana, 46 (2-3): 125-137.

Petit, R.E. 2009. George Brettingham Sowerby I, II, & III: therir conchological publications and Molluscan taxa, Zootaxa, 2189: 1-218.

Ponder, W. F., Fukuda, H. and Hallan, A. 2014. A review of the family Clenchiellidae (Mollusca: Caenogastropoda: Truncatelloidea). Zootaxa, 3872(2): 101.

Poorten, J.J. ter, 2005. Outline of a systematic index - Recent Cardiidae (Lamarck, 1809). VISAYA net., (Updated 2009 for WoRMS), available online at net/date.php?year=2005

Preston, H.B. 1915. Report on collection of molluscs from the outskirts of Culcutta, Records of the Indian Museum, 11(6): 479-482.

Ramakrishna and Dey, A. 2010. Annotated checklist of Indian marine molluscs (Cephalopoda, Bivalvia and Scaphopoda): Part – 1. Rec. zool. Surv. India, Occ. Paper No. 320: 1-357.

Ramakrishna., Sarkar, J. and Talukdar, S. 2003. Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recommendations on their conservation. Rec. zool. Surv. India, 101 (3&4): 1-23.

Raven H. and Vermeulen J.J. 2007. Notes on molluscs from NW Borneo and Singapore. 2. A synopsis of the Ellobiidae (Gastropoda, Pulmonata). Vita Malacologica. 4: 29-62.

Roy, M., Dey, A., Banerjee, S. and Nandi, N.C. 2008. Molluscan macrobenthic diversity of brackishwater wetlands in West Bengal, In (Ed. Director, Zoogical Survey of India) Zoological Research in Human Welfare: 25-34.

Sartori, A.F. 2016a. Psammacoma gubernaculum (Hanley, 1844). In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at accessed on 2017-12-08.

Sartori, A.F. 2016b. Tellinides sinuatus (Spengler, 1798). In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at accessed on 2017-12-08.

Signorelli J.H. and Pastorino G. 2012. Revision of the living Mactridae (Bivalvia: Autobranchia) from Northern Argentina and Uruguyay. American Malacological Bulletin, 30(1): 85-101.

Spry, J.F. 1964. The sea shells of Dar es Salaam: Part 2: Pelecypoda (Bivalves). Tanganyika Notes and Records. 63, available online at

Stoliczka, F. 1869. The malacology of lower Bengal and the adjoining provinces, 1. On the genus Onchidium, J. Asiat. Soc. Beng. XXXVIII(2): 86-111.

Subba Rao, N.V. 2003. Indian Seashells (Part-1), Polyplacophora and Gastropoda, Rec. zool. Surv. India, Occ. Paper No. 192: 1-416.

Subba Rao, N.V. 2017. Indian Seashells (Part-2): Bivalvia. Rec. zool. Surv. India, Occ. Paper No. 375: 1-568.

Subba Rao, N.V., Dey, A. and Barua, S. 1983. Studies on the malacofauna of Muriganga estuary, Sundarbans, West Bengal. Bull. zool. Surv. India, 5 (1): 47-56.

Subba Rao, N.V., Dey, A. and Barua, S. 1992. Estuarine and Marine mollusc, In, Director (Ed), Zoological Survey of India, Fauna of West Bengal Part 9, State Fauna Series 3: 129-268.

Subba Rao, N.V., Dey, A. and Barua, S. 1995. Mollusca, In, Director (Ed), Zoological Survey of India, Hugli Matla Estuary, West Bengal, Estuarine Ecosystem Series 2: 41-91.

Taylor, J. 2010. Austriella corrugata (Deshayes, 1843). In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at on 2017-11-13.

Tudu, P.C., Ghorai, N., Yennawar, P. and Mohapatra, A. 2017a. Rediscover of Nerite snail Neripteron cornucopia (Gastropoda: Neritidae) after 180 years in India. Indian J. Sc. Res, 13(1): 2018-211.

Tudu, P.C., Ray, D. and Mohapatra, A. 2017b. An account of molluscan fauna of Digha coast, Bay of Bengal, UGC sponsored National Seminar on Role of biodiversity and natural resources in sustainable development: 56- 72.

Vecchione, M., Brakoniecki, T. F., Natsukari, Y. and Hanlon, R. T. 1998. A provisional generic classification of the family Loliginidae, In: Voss, N. A., Vecchione, M., Toll, R. B. and Sweeny, M. J. (Editor) Systematics and biogeography of cephalopods Vol 1: 215-222, (Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, no. 586).

Yennawar, P. and Tudu, P.C. 2014. Study of macro-benthic (Invertebrates) fauna around Digha coast. Rec. zool. Surv. India, 114(Part-2): 341-356.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 > >>