Ant (Family: Formicidae) Diversity in Two Urban Landscapes of Kolkata


  • Zoological survey of India, M-Block, New Alipore, Kolkata-700 053
  • Department of Environmental Science, Asutosh College, Kolkata
  • Zoological survey of India, M-Block, New Alipore, Kolkata-700 053



Ant, Formicidae, Kolkata, Diversity, Urban


Ants are one of the most diverse and abundant organisms of terrestrial ecosystem. This study was carried out between September 2020 to August 2021 in two urban localities of Kolkata i.e., Subhas Sarovar (SS) and Salt-Lake (SL). This study aims to understand how diversity and distribution of ant species vary in different habitat types in an urban set up. Ants were collected along a transect followed by hand picking throughout the year. During the study, a total of 45 ant species under 6-subfamilies were collected which is approximately 11.7% ant diversity of West Bengal; subfamily Myrmicinae contains maximum species. SS consists 36 ant species while SL having 33 species. SS is more species rich and diverse and species dominance is less in this area than SL. SS, having a huge water body and diverse vegetation including plenty of trees, is well maintained in comparison to SL where dominance is more and diversity is less. Dominance of Camponotus compressus, presence of Tapinoma melanocephalum, Paratrechina longicornis indicate human interference and disturbance. This study emphasises the capacity of ants to adapt themselves and flourish in disturbed habitats especially urban areas. Rapid urbanization and climate change put enormous challenge on the ecosystem’s functioning and human wellbeing. This kind of diversity studies help making strategies for maintaining balance between human needs and ecological stability in urban areas.


Download data is not yet available.




How to Cite

Das, P., Chatterjee, A., & Saroj, S. (2023). Ant (Family: Formicidae) Diversity in Two Urban Landscapes of Kolkata. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, 123(2S), 757–766.


Antwiki. (2023). India. Retrieved March 22, 2023,

Begum, A., Susheela, N., Swarupa, B., Sreenivasa, V., Sai, S. Y., & Umapati, Y. (2018). Assessment of ants (Hymenoptera- Formicidae) species diversity and composition in VSK university campus Ballari, Karnataka. Asia Pacific Journal of Research, I(LXXXVII).

Bharti, H., Guénard, B., Bharti, M., & Economo, E.P. (2016). An updated checklist of the ants of India with their specific distributions in Indian states (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). ZooKeys, 551, 1–83.

Bingham, C. T. (1903). The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, 2. Ants and Cuckoo-Wasps.

Taylor and Francis, London.

Bolton, B. (1994). Identification Guide to the Ant Genera of the World. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Chavhan, A., & Pawar, S. S. (2011). Distribution and diversity of ant species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in and around Amravati city of Maharashtra, India. World Journal of Zoology, 6(4), 395-400.

Fittau, E. J., & Klinge, H. (1973). On biomass and trophic structure of the Central Amazonian rain forest ecosystem. Biotropica, 5, 2-14.

Ghosh, S. N., Chattopadhyay, A., & Bhattacharyya, D. K. (2007). Studies on roadside soil inhabiting ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Kolkata with reference to the effects of lead emitted through automobile exhaust. Records of Zoological Survey of India., Occasional Paper No, 257, 1-149.

Ghosh, S. N., Sheela, S., & Kundu, B. G. (2005). Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Rabindra Sarovar, Kolkata. Records of Zoological Survey of India, Occasional Paper No, 234, 1-40.

Kabisch, N., Korn, H., Stadler, J., & Bonn, A. (2017). Nature -based solutions to climate change adaptation in urban areas. Switzerland.

Kasseney, B. D., N’Tie, T. B., Nuto, Y., Wouter, D., Yeo, K., & Glitho, I. A. (2019). Diversity of ants and termites of the botanical garden of the University of Lome. Togo. Insects., 10(7), 218.

Khot, K., Quadros G., & Somani, V. (2013). Ant Diversity in an urban garden at Mumbai, Maharashtra. National Conference on Biodiversity: Status and Challenges in Conservation- ‘FAVEO’ 2013.

Purkait, M. P. (2017). Ants species diversity along an urban gradient, south Kolkata, India. International Journal of Applied and Pure Science Agriculture, 3(6). IJAPSA.2017.3058.RGMPL.

Saha, T., Ghosh, P. B., Som-Majumdar, S., & Bandyopadhya, T. S. (2001). Level of surfactants in water medium of Subhas Sarovar. Poll Res, 20(3), 319-321.

Samal, N. R., Johnk, K. D., Peeters, F., Bauerle, E., & Mazumder, A. (2008). Mixing and internal waves in a small stratified Indian lake: Subhas Sarobar. In P. K. Mohanty (Ed.), Monitoring and modelling lakes and coastal environments, (pp. 91-100). Springer.

Viswanathan, G., Narendra, A. (2000). The effect of urbanization on the biodiversity of ants in Bangalore. Journal of Ecobiology, 12(2), 115-122.