A checklist of forensic flies from India


  • Zoological Survey of India, M-Block, New Alipore, Kolkata – 700053, West Bengal
  • Zoological Survey of India, M-Block, New Alipore, Kolkata – 700053, West Bengal
  • Zoological Survey of India, M-Block, New Alipore, Kolkata – 700053, West Bengal
  • Zoological Survey of India, M-Block, New Alipore, Kolkata – 700053, West Bengal
  • Zoological Survey of India, M-Block, New Alipore, Kolkata – 700053, West Bengal
  • Zoological Survey of India, M-Block, New Alipore, Kolkata – 700053, West Bengal
  • Zoological Survey of India, M-Block, New Alipore, Kolkata – 700053, West Bengal
  • Zoological Survey of India, M-Block, New Alipore, Kolkata – 700053, West Bengal




Crime Investigation, Diptera, Diversity, Inventory, Necrophagous


A checklist of forensic flies from India is provided. A total of 65 species belonging to 16 genera under 8 families are documented in this list. This is the very first checklist of forensic flies from India, and it presents an overview of the diversity of these insects in this vast country with immense diversity. This checklist will act as a source of information about crime and wildlife hunting in India.


Download data is not yet available.




How to Cite

Kar, O., Naskar, A., Pramanik, D., Mukherjee, K., Sarkar, S., Mukherjee, A., … Banerjee, D. (2023). A checklist of forensic flies from India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, 122(4), 387–392. https://doi.org/10.26515/rzsi/v122/i4/2022/170175





Abd Al Galil, F., Zambare, S. and Mashaly, A. 2016. First record of Chrysomya saffranea (Diptera: Calliphoridae) of forensic importance in India. Tropical Biomedicine, 33: 1–7.

Abd Algalil, F.M. 2017. Molecular identification of forensically important flesh flies (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) using COI Gene.

Achint, R. and Singh, D. 2021. Application of COI gene for identification of some economically and forensically important muscid flies of India (Diptera: Muscidae). International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 41(4): 3023–3029. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42690- 021-00494-8

Amendt, J., Krettek, R. and Zehner, R. 2004. Forensic entomology. Naturwissenschaften, 91(2): 51–65. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00114- 003-0493-5

Bánki, O. 2022. Catalogue of Life: From a list to a service. Biodiversity Information Science and Standards, 6: e94040. ttps://doi. org/10.3897/biss.6.94040

Barták, M., Khrokalo, L. and Verves, Y. 2019. New records, synonyms and combinations for oriental Sarcophagidae (Diptera), with updated checklists for Cambodia, India, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, 22(1): 44–55. https:// doi.org/10.1016/j.aspen.2018.11.011

Bhagat, R.C. 2016. Biodiversity of dipterous flies (Insecta) of myiasiscausing importance in animals and human of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh Himalayas (India). Journal of Global Biosciences, 5(7): 4341–4349.

Bharti, M. 2008. Current status of family Muscidae (Diptera) from India. Journal of Entomological Research, 32(2): 171–176.

Bharti, M. 2011. An updated checklist of blowflies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) from India, 4.

Bharti, M. 2019. New records of Chrysomya putoria and C. thanomthini (Diptera: Calliphoridae) from India, with a revised key to the known Indian species. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 11(1): 13188–13190. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.4470.11.1.13188-13190

Bharti, M., and Singh, D. 2003. Insect faunal succession on decaying rabbit carcasses in Punjab, indiastrological birth signs in suicide: Hypothesis or speculation? https://doi.org/10.1520/JFS2001358

Bharti, M., Singh, D. and Sidhu, I.S. 2001. First record of some carrion flies (Diptera: Cyclorrhapha) from India. Uttar Pradesh Journal of Zoology, 267–268.

Bhattacherjee, R., Banerjee, D. and Ghosh, S. 2021. Chronology of appearance pattern and colonization of nutrient recycling forensic flies on house rat carcasses (rattus rattus) in urban and semi-urban habitats of southern part of west Bengal.

Bigot, J.-M.-F. and Bengal, A.S. 1891. Catalogue of the diptera of the Oriental region (pp. 1–154). Asiatic Society. https://www. biodiversitylibrary.org/item/37826 https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.9296

Byrd, J.H. and Castner, J.L. 2001. Forensic entomology the utility of arthropods in legal investigations. CRC Press. http://www. crcnetbase.com/isbn/9781420036947 https://doi.org/10.1201/9781420036947

Catts, E.P. and Goff, M.L. 1992. Forensic entomology in criminal investigations. Annual Review of Entomology, 37(1): 253–272. https:// doi.org/10.1146/annurev.en.37.010192.001345

Chakraborty, A. 2019. Biosystematics of dipteran flies of forensic importance on different vertebrate carcasses. [Thesis (PhD)]. University of Calcutta.

Chakraborty, A., Ansar, W., Ghosh, S. and Banerjee, D. 2014. The first report of the life cycle of Sarcophaga (L) dux on dead reptilian carcass: Their application as forensic indicators. Sch Acad J Biosci, 2(11): 731–739.

Chakraborty, A., Banerjee, D. and Saha, G. 2017. Biosystematic Approach: To Inventorization of Ubiquitious Myiasis Causing Flies of Veterinary Importance in India. Research in: Agricultural & Veterinary Sciences, 1: 116–134.

Chakraborty, A., Hora, G., Parui, P., Saha, G. K. and Banerjee, D. 2017. A biosystematic species inventory of Indian sarcophagidae (Insecta: Diptera: Sarcophagidae). J. Entomol. Zoo. Stud, 5(1): 465–473.

Chakraborty, A., Naskar, A., Hazra, S., Maity, A. and Banerjee, D. 2013. Indian Scuttle Flies (Insecta: Diptera: Phoridae).

Chakraborty, A., Naskar, A., Hazra, S., Maity, A. and Banerjee, D. 2014. Indian black scavenger flies (Insecta: Diptera: Sepsidae). Zoological Survey of India, M Block, New Alipore, Kolkata, India, 6.

Cruise, A., Watson, D. W. and Schal, C. 2018. Ecological succession of adult necrophilous insects on neonate Sus scrofa domesticus in central North Carolina. Plos One, 13(4): e0195785. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0195785

Emden, F. 1965. Muscidae, part 1. The Fauna of India and the Adjacent Countries. Diptera, 7: 1–647.

Evenhuis, N.L. and Pape, T. 2022. Systema Dipterorum, Version (3.8). http://www.diptera.org/

Ghosh, S., Ansar, W. and Banerjee, D. 2018. Diagnosis of crime reporter flies in forensic entomology: A review. Indian Journal of Entomology, 80(2): 158–176. https://doi.org/10.5958/0974-8172.2018.00100.1

Hall, R. 2009. Introduction: Perceptions and Status of Forensic Entomology (pp. 1–16). https://doi.org/10.1201/NOE0849392153.ch0

Heo, C.C., Rahimi, R., Mengual, X., M. Isa, M.S., Zainal, S., Khofar, P.N. and Nazni, W. A. 2020. Eristalinus arvorum (Fabricius, 1787) (Diptera: Syrphidae) in Human Skull: A New Fly Species of Forensic Importance. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 65(1): 276–282. https://doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14128

Hore, G., Saha, G.K. and Banerjee, D. 2018. Sensory organs of forensically important fly Ophyra capensis (Wiedemann, 1818) (Diptera: Muscidae): A scanning electron microscopic study. Acta Tropica, 185: 400–411.

Kar, O., Naskar, A., Pramanik, D., Mukherjee, K., Sarkar, S., Mukherjee, A., Ghosh, D., Sengupta, J. and Banerjee, D. 2022. An Inventory of Necrophagous Flies from India. Uttar Pradesh Journal of Zoology, 79–108. https://doi.org/10.56557/upjoz/2022/v43i233262

Kaur, P., Bala, M. and Abd Algalil, F.M. 2020. First record of flesh fly Sarcophaga (Liosarcophaga) aegyptica (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) from India. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 41(2): 1197–1202. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42690-020-00307-4

Kuusela, S. and Hanski, I. 1982. The structure of carrion fly communities: The size and the type of carrion. Ecography, 5(4): 337–348. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0587.1982.tb01048.x

Martinez, E., Duque, P. and Wolff, M. 2007. Succession pattern of carrion-feeding insects in Paramo, Colombia. Forensic Science International, 166(2–3): 182–189. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2006.05.027

Mercedes, D.D. and Hardy, D.E. 1977. A catalog of the Diptera of the Oriental Region. Suborder Cyclorrhapha Excluding Division Aschiza.

Mitra, B., Parui, P. and Banerjee, S. 2010. On a Collection of the Flies of Forensic Impotance. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, 110(3): 115–117. https://doi.org/10.26515/rzsi/v110/i3/2010/158939

Nandi, B.C. 2004. Checklist of Calliphoridae (Diptera) of India. Zoological Survey of India. https://scholar.google.com/scholar_ lookup?title=Checklist+of+Calliphoridae+%28Diptera%29+of+India&author=Nandi%2C+B.+C.&publication_year=2004

Palavesam, A., Selvakumar, R., Latha, B.R., Soundararajan, C., Jyothimol, G., and Harikrishnan, T.J. 2022. Occurrence of necrophagous flies of forensic importance in medico-legal cases in Tamil Nadu State, India. Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences, 12(1): 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41935-022-00310-5

Queiroz, C.L.D., De-Souza, C.C., Medeiros, H.F. de, Overal, W.L., Viana-Junior, A. B., and Carvalho-Filho, F. da S. 2021. Saprophytic flies in impacted areas of the Belo Monte Dam, Pará, Brazil (Diptera: Mesembrinellidae, Neriidae, Ropalomeridae, and Sarcophagidae): community composition, abundance, and species richness. Biota Neotropica, 21. https://doi.org/10.1590/1676- 0611-bn-2020-1026

Rochefort, S., Giroux, M., Savage, J. and Wheeler, T.A. 2015. Key to forensically important Piophilidae (Diptera) in the Nearctic Region. Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification, 27.

Roy, S., Chakraborty, S.K., Parui, P. and Mitra, B. 2018. Taxonomy of Soldier Flies (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) of Sunderban Biosphere Reserve, India. Proceedings of the Zoological Society, 71(2): 121–126. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12595-016-0200-0

Savage, J. 2002. Cleaning up the world: Dipteran decomposers. Biodiversity, 3(4): 12–15. https://doi.org/10.1088/2058-7058/15/2/23

Sharma, M., Singh, D. and Sharma, A.K. 2015. Mitochondrial DNA based identification of forensically important Indian flesh flies (Diptera: Sarcophagidae). Forensic Science International, 247: 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2014.11.017

Sinha, S.K. 2009. Sarcophagidae, Calliphoridae and Muscidae (Diptera) of the Sundarbans Biosphere Reserve, West Bengal, India. Occasional Paper-Records of the Zoological Survey of India, 308.

Sinha, S.K., Hazari, P. and Mahato, S. 2021. Diversity of Muscidae (Diptera) in Neora Valley National Park, West Bengal. Indian Journal of Entomology, 251–261. https://doi.org/10.55446/IJE.2021.38

Sreejith, K., Sinha, S.K., Mahato, S. and Pushpalatha, E. 2021. Flesh fly (Diptera: Sarcophagidae): male terminalia, diversity and expanded geographical distribution from India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 13(12): 19831–19836. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.6568.13.12.19831-19836

Tomberlin, J.K., Benbow, M.E., Tarone, A.M. and Mohr, R.M. 2011. Basic research in evolution and ecology enhances forensics. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 26(2): 53–55. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2010.12.001

Vasconcelos, S.D., Cruz, T.M., Salgado, R.L. and Thyssen, P.J. 2013. Dipterans associated with a decomposing animal carcass in a rainforest fragment in Brazil: Notes on the early arrival and colonization by necrophagous species. Journal of Insect Science, 13(1): 145. https://doi.org/10.1673/031.013.14501

Vasconcelos, S.D., Salgado, R.L., Barbosa, T.M. and Souza, J.R.B. 2016. Diptera of Medico-Legal importance associated with Pig Carrion in a Tropical Dry Forest. Journal of Medical Entomology, 53(5): 1131–1139. https://doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjw093

White, R.S., Aubertin, D. and Smart, J. 1940. Fauna of British India, Diptera. Vol. VI. Family Calliphoridae. Fauna of British India, Diptera. Vol. VI. Family Calliphoridae, 6.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>