Status Survey of Black-necked Crane Grus nigricollis in Ladakh, India
Keywords:Black-necked Crane, Conservation, Ladakh, Population
Black-necked CraneÂ is a medium-sizedÂ craneÂ in Asia that breeds on theÂ Tibetan PlateauÂ and winters mainly in some remote, high altitude localities in Himalaya. To enumerate the present population of this species, field surveys were conducted in Ladakh region, in 2014-15 and 2015-16. Surveys revealed the occurrence of small groups comprised of 2 to 4 individuals, present only in eight localities. Total 23 individuals were sighted directly. While, interview-based estimated population was 51 individuals. There may be 10 to 15 more individuals in the wetlands that could not be counted in the present study. Unorganized development activities, fencing around wetlands and increasing population of feral dogs are the major threats. Apart from this, 71 species of birds belonging to 13 orders and 30 families were also recorded during the surveys.