Checklist of order Tetraodontiformes (Actinopterygii) from Puducherry Coasts, Southeast Coast of India with Nine New Records


  • Kanchi Mamunivar Government Institute for Postgraduate Studies and Research, Lawspet − 605008, Puducherry
  • Kanchi Mamunivar Government Institute for Postgraduate Studies and Research, Lawspet − 605008, Puducherry
  • Thiru Kolanjiappar Government Arts College, Virudhachalam − 606001, Tamil Nadu



Aquarium Commercial, Porcupinefish, Pufferfish, Reef Associated, Triggerfish


The present study reports 19 species from 14 genera belonging to 6 families under order Tetraodontiformes (Actinopterygii) from the Puducherry coast. Triacanthus biaculeatus Bloch, T. nieuhofi Bleeker, Pseudotriacanthus strigilifer Cantor, Odonus niger Ruppell, Aluterus monoceros Linnaeus, Paramonacanthus sulcatus Hollard, Arothron immaculatus Bloch & Schneider, Torquigener brevipinnis Regan and Diodon hystrix Linnaeus are recorded for the first time from Puducherry waters. The fishery status, palatability, toxicity, and IUCN status of all the species are also given.


Download data is not yet available.




How to Cite

Nithya Mary, S., Ravitchandirane, V., & Gunalan, B. (2021). Checklist of order Tetraodontiformes (Actinopterygii) from Puducherry Coasts, Southeast Coast of India with Nine New Records. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, 121(3), 393–404.





Allen, G.R. and Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: University of Hawai’i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research; 212pp.

Amaoka, H.K., Araga, C., Uyeno, T.and Yoshino, T. 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan; 437pp.

Arunachalam, M., Muralidharan, M. and Sivakumar, P. 2009. Extension of range of the Marine Puffer Fish Chelonodon patoca (Tetraodontiformes: Tetraodontidae) to freshwater habitat of Kerala, India. J. Threat. Tax.,1(4): 238-239. o1828.238-9.

Baiju, P.T., Prabhakaran, M.P., Benno Pereira, F.G. and Jayaprakas, V. 2016. Rocky reef-associated fish diversity of South Kerala Coast, India. J. Aqua. Bio. Fish., 4: 31-44.

Barman, R.P., Kar, S. and Mukherjee, P. 2004. Marine and Estuarine fishes. In: Fauna of Andhra Pradesh, State Fauna Series, Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, 5(2): 97-311.

Bijukumar, A. and Raghavan, R. 2009. A checklist of fishes of Kerala, India. J. Threat. Taxa., 7(13): 8036-8080. jott.2004.7.13.8036-8080.

Abdussamad, E.M., Joshi, K.K., Balasubramanian, T.S., Zacharia, P.U and Jeyabalan, K. 2009. Emergence of triggerfishes (Family: Balistidae) as an alternate lucrative target fishery for trawls along the Tuticorin coast in Gulf of Mannar. Marine Fisheries Information Service T&E Ser., No. 199; p. 1-6.

Cuvier, G. 1829. Le Règne Animal, DistribuéD’Après Son Organisation, Pour Servir De Base À L’Histoire Naturelle Des Animaux Et D’ Introduction À L’AnatomieComparée. Edition 2. v. 2, i-xviii, 1 + 532 pp.

Cuvier, G.L.C.F.D. and Valenciennes, A. 1828-1849. Histoire Naturelle des Poisons, 22 volumes. Paris-Strasbourg, France: Levrault.

Day, F. 1875-78. The fishes of India being a natural history of the fishes known to inhabit the seas and fresh waters of India, Burma and Ceylon. Text and atlas in 4 parts, London, XX, p. 77 d, 195 pls. PMid:20749025 PMCid: PMC2222084.

De la Cruz Agüero, J., Arellano Martínez, M.V.M., Cota Gómez and de la Cruz-Agüero, G. 1997. Catalogo de los peces marinos de Baja California Sur. IPN-CICIMAR, La Paz, Mexico; p. 346.

Florida Scott, W.B. and Scott, M.G. 1988. Atlantic fishes of Canada. Can. Bull. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 219: 731pp.

Fricke, R. 1999. Fishes of the Mascarene Islands (Réunion, Mauritius, Rodriguez): an annotated checklist, with descriptions of new species. Koeltz Scientific Books, Koenigstein, Theses Zoologicae; 31; 759pp.

Froese, R. and Pauly, D. 2013. Fishbase. Version 12/2013.

Froese, R. and Pauly, D. 2015. Fishbase. Version 10/2015.

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. and Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled fishes of southern Indonesia and northwestern Australia. Australian Development Assistance Bureau, Australia, Directorate General of Fishes, Indonesia, and German Agency for Technical Cooperation, Federal Republic of Germany; p. 407.

Gopalakrishnan, A., Divya P. R., Basheer, V. S., Raja Swaminathan, T., Kathirvelpandian, A., Bineesh, K. K., Rahul, G. K. and Jena, J. K. 2012. Macro flora and fauna of the Gulf of Mannar - A checklist. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow, U.P., India; 127pp.

Gosami, B.C.B. 1992. Marine fauna of Digha Coast of West Bengal, India. J. Mes. Biol. Ass. India, 34(1-2): 115-137. http://www.Fishbase. org.,, encyclopedia/animals/fishes/?lang=en

Hutchins, J.B. 1997. Review of the monacanthid fish genus Paramonacanthus, with descriptions of three new species. Rec. West. Aust. Mus., Suppl. No. 54: 1-57.

IUCN. 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-2.

Jeyasanta, K.I. and Patterson, J. 2017. Survey on landing of trash fishes in the major fish landing centers of Tutocorin, South east coast of India. Indian J. Geo. Mar. Sci., 46(05): 1022-1043

Jones, S. and Kumaran, M. 1968. New records of fishes from the seas around India- Part VI. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. India, 10(2): 321-331.

Jones, S. and Kumaran, M. 1980. Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago. The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum; p. 1-757. PMid:7402348.

Joshi, K.K., Sreeram, Miriam P., Zacharia, P.U., Abdussamad, E., Varghese, Molly Habeeb, O., Jayabalan, Komathi, Kanthan, P., Kannan, K., Sreekumar, K., George, Gimy, Shaji and Varsha. 2016. Check list of fishes of the Gulf of Mannar Ecosystem, Tamil Nadu, India. J. Mar. Biol. Asso. India. 58: 34-54.

Letourneur, Y., Chabanet, P., Durville, P., Taquet, M., Teissier, E., Parmentier, M., Quéro, J.-C. and Pothin, K.2004. An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean. Cybium, 28(3): 199-216.

Karna, S.K., Suresh., Vettath., Manna, R. K., Panda., Debabrata., H M., Manas., Mukherjee and Manasi. 2018. First record of the immaculate puffer fish, Arothron immaculatus (Bloch and Schneider, 1801) from Chilika lagoon, India. Ind. J. Geo-Mar. Sci., 47: 1011-1013.

Kumar, B. and Raghavan, R. 2015. A checklist of fishes of Kerala, India. J. Thr. Taxa. 7. 8080.

Lieske, E. and Myers, R. 2002. Coral Reef Fishes: Indo-Pacific and Caribbean. Revised ed. Princeton University Press, Princeton, 400pp.

Mahabatra, B.K. and Lakra, W.S. 2015. Marine ornamental fish biodiversity of West Bengal. Inter. J. Sci. Res., 4(8): 251.

Matsuura, K. 2009. Triacanthidae, Balistidae, Monocanthidae, Ostraciidae, Tetraodontidae, and Diodontidae. In: Kimura S, Satapoomin U, and Matsuura K (Eds) Fishes of Andaman Sea. Nat. Mu. Nat. and Sci.Tokyo; p. 324-337.

Matsuura, K. 2000. Tetraodontiformes. In: Randall JE, Lim KK-P (Eds) A checklist of the fishes of the South China Sea. Raff. Bull. Zoology, Supplement; 8: 647-649.

Matsuura, K. 2001. Triacanthodidae, Triacanthidae, Balistidae, Ostraciidae, Aracanidae, Triodontidae, Tetraodontidae. In: Carpenter K, Niem (Eds) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae). FAO, Rome; p. 3902-3928, 3948-3957.

Matsuura, K. 2003. Balistidae, Monocanthidae, Ostraciidae, Tetraodontidae, and Diodontidae. In: Kimura S, Matsuura K. (Eds) Fishes of Bitung, northern tip of Sulawesi, Indonesia. Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Tokyo; p. 218-230.

Matsuura, K. 2011. Triacanthidae, Balistidae, Tetraodontidae, and Diodontidae. In: Matsunuma M, Motomura H, Matsuura K, Shazili NAMS, Ambak, M.A. (Eds) Fishes of Terengganu-east coast of Malay Peninsula, Malaysia. National Museum of Nature and Science, Tsukuba, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Kuala Terengganu, and Kagoshima University Museum, Kagoshima; p. 237-246.

Matsuura, K. 2014. Taxonomy and systematics of tetraodontiform fishes: a review focusing primarily on progress in the period from 1980 to 2014. Ichth. Res., 62(1): 72-113.

Menon, A. G. K. 1966. On a collection of fish from the Coromandel coast of India including Pondicherry and Karaikal areas. Records of the Indian Museum, 59: 369-404, pl. 33.

Menon, M.A.S. 1961. On a collection of fish from Lake Chilka, Orissa. Records of the Indian Museum, 59(1&2): 41-69.

Müller, J. and Henle, F.G.J. 1838-1841. SystematischeBeschreibung der Plagiostomen. Veit, Berlin; 200pp. title.6906.

Murugan, A. and Namboothri, N. 2012. Finfishes of Gulf of Mannar- A Field Identification Guide. Published by Dakshin Foundation Bengaluru; p. 72-84.

Myers, R.F. 1999. Micronesian reef fishes: A comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia, 3rd revised and expanded edition. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam; p. 330.

Patankar, V., Paranjape, A., Tyabji, Z., Wagh, T. and Marathe, A.2018. Occurrence and distribution of tetraodontiform fishes of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. Check List, 14(3): 529-537.

Pati, S.K., Swain, D., Sahu, K.C., Sharma, R.M. and Mohapatra, A. 2018. Marine Fauna of Odisha, East Coast of India. An Annotated Checklist of Historical Data of 135 Years J. Aqua. Biol. Fish., 6: 1-115.

Peela, P., Sujatha, K. and Deepti, V. 2017. Description of trigger fishes (Family: Balistidae) and file fishes (family: Monacanthidae) from Visakhapatnam coast of India with an account on first record of Paramonacanthus pusillus (Ruppell, 1828) from India. Ind. J. Fish., 64.

Pratchett, M.S., Munday, M.S., Wilson, S.K., Graham, N.A.J., Cinner, J.E., Bellwood, D.R., Jones, G.P., Polunin, N.V.C. and McClanahan, T.R. 2008. Effects of climate-induced coral bleaching on coral reef fishes: Ecological and economic consequences. Oceano. Mar. Bio., 46: 251-296.

Randall, J.E. 1995. Coastal fishes of Oman. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii; p. 439.

Rao, D. V. 2003. Guide to Reef Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands; p. 1-555. (Published by the Director, Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata).

Rao, G.C. 1991. Lakshadweep: General features, Fauna of Lakshadweep, State Fauna Series. Zool. Surv. India, (2): 5-40.

Rekha Nair, J. and Kuriakose, S. K. 2014. Field guide on Reef Associated Fishes of India. CMFRI special Publication. 117: 132-141. (Published by Director of CMFRI. Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute).

Robins, C.R. and Ray, G.C. 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A.; 354pp.

Smith, M.M. 1986. Ostraciidae. In: M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths’ sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin; p. 890-893.

Smith, M.M. and Heemstra, P.C. 1986. Tetraodontidae. In: M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths’ sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin; p. 894-903.

Sujitha, T., Kemparaju, S. and Sampathkumar, G. 2009. Puffer fish Lagocephalusinermis - An emerging fishery along Mangalore coast of Karnataka. Marine Fisheries Information Service T&E Ser., No. 200, 2009.

Mohanty, S., Mohapatra., A., Mishra and Subhrendu. 2018. First Record of Triacanthus nieuhofii Bleeker, 1852 (Tetraodontiformes: Triacanthidae) from Northern East Coast of India. Rec. of zool. Sur. of India, 118: 310-313. 10.26515/rzsi/v118/i3/2018/118502.

Veeruraj, A., Muthuvel, A., Ajithkumar, T., Balasubramanian, T. 2011. Distribution of Tetraodontiformes (Family: Tetraodontidae) along the Parangipettai Coast, Southeast coast of India. Zootaxa., 3015: 1−12.

Wilson, S.K., Burgess, S.C., Cheal, A.J., Emslie, M., Fisher, R., Miller, I., Polunin, N.V.C. and Sweatman, H.P.A. 2008. Habitat utilization by coral reef fish: implications for specialists vs. generalists in a changing environment. Jour. Ani. Eco., 77: 220-228. https://doi. org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2007.01341.x. PMid:18081778.

Wongratana, T. 1983. Diagnoses of 24 New species and proposal of a new name for a species of Indo-Pacific Clupeiod Fishes. Jap. J. Ichth., 29(4): 385-407.