Bird observations from Pulicate Lake Bird Sanctuary and the adjoining areas in India
Keywords:Avian Diversity, Threatened Species, Pulicat Lake, Migratory Birds, Waterbirds
The present study reports the results of ornithological surveys conducted in Pulicate Lake and its adjoining water bodies in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, India conducted from January to April 2021. A total of 161 bird species were recorded, belonging to 19 different orders, 52 families, and 114 genera. Of these, 11 species were classified as Near Threatened, 1 as Vulnerable, and 149 as Least Concern according to the IUCN threatened categories. The results revealed a rich bird diversity in the study area, with several noteworthy observations. Further, the surveys also revealed that 19 species are listed under Schedule I and 141 species are listed under Schedule II, of the Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972. In conclusion, this study provides a comprehensive report on the bird diversity in Pulicate Lake and its adjoining water bodies and emphasizes the need for conservation efforts to protect the threatened species and maintain the overall ecological balance. These findings could be of value in formulating conservation strategies for the avifauna in this region and serve as a valuable reference for future studies. The study’s results offer practical insights for habitat management and conservation planning. The species we have identified can act as crucial indicators of the area’s ecological well-being, guiding management choices. This study underscores the importance of ongoing monitoring and conservation initiatives to safeguard the region’s avian diversity.