Bumble Bee, Bombus haemorrhoidalis Smith, 1852 (Apoidea: Hymenoptera)- A Significant Pollinator and Bio-Indicator Species of the Lower Shiwalik Ranges in the Western Himalayan States of India
Keywords:Bumble Bee, Bombus haemorrhoidalis, Hymenoptera, Pollinator, Western-Himalaya, India
This study has been carried out to find out the role of the bumble bee, Bombus haemorrhoidalis as a significant pollinator and Bio-indicator speciesin the ecosystems of the lower Shiwalik ranges in the Western Himalayan states of India during 2019-22. The Bombus haemorrhoidalis was the only dominant species of the genus Bombus ranging in the selected study area. This species was recorded as very active and pollinating in the winter period during harsh environmental conditions. The B. haemorrhoidalis has a great role in pollinating the flowers of Solanum melongena, Cajanus cajan, Cucumis sativus, Cucurbita maxima in agricultural fields and Ocimum tenuiflorum, Helianthus annus in cultivated gardens Mesosphaerum suaveolens, Vitex negundo, Eremostachys superba, Justicia adhatoda, Impatiens glandulifera, Tecoma stans, and Lantana camara etc in wild in the study area.