A report on Ingerana borealis (Annandale, 1912) (Anura: Dicroglossidae) from inside a cave


  • Zoological Survey of India, North Eastern Regional Centre, Risa Colony, Shillong, Meghalaya
  • Zoological Survey of India, North Eastern Regional Centre, Risa Colony, Shillong, Meghalaya




Altitudinal Distribution, Cave Frog, Cave Lymput, Khasi Hills, Krem, Meghalaya


The trickling stream dwelling frog Ingerana borealis (Annandale, 1912) is reported from a cave habitat for the first time. Based on voucher specimens collected in 2006, 2019 and 2020 from inside this cave, a viable population of this species is found to thrive within the cave ecosystem of Krem Lymput, located in East Khasi Hills of Meghalaya. A note on the altitudinal distribution and the habitats of this species is also added.


Download data is not yet available.




How to Cite

Saikia, B., & Saikia, U. (2020). A report on <i>Ingerana borealis</i> (Annandale, 1912) (Anura: Dicroglossidae) from inside a cave. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, 120(3), 247–250. https://doi.org/10.26515/rzsi/v120/i3/2020/143326





Annandale, N. 1912. Zoological results of the Abor Expedition, 1911-1912. I. Amphibia. Records of the Indian Museum, 8: 7-36. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.1186

Ao, J.M., Bordoloi, S. and Ohler, A. 2003. Amphibian fauna of Nagaland with nineteen new records from the state including five new records for India. Zoos’ Print Journal, 18: 1117-1125. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.ZPJ.18.6.1117-25

Chettri, B., Bhupathy, S. and Acharya, B.K. 2011. An overview of the herpetofauna of Sikkim with emphasis on the elevational distribution pattern and threats and conservation issues; pp. 233-254, in: Arrawatia, M.L. and Tambe, S. (eds.). Biodiversity of Sikkim: exploring and conserving a global hotspot. Gangtok: Information and Public Relations Department, Government of Sikkim.

Das, A., Sharma, P., Surendran, H., Nath, A., Ghosh, S., Dutta, D., Mondol, J. and Wangdi, Y. 2016. Additions to the herpetofauna of Royal Manas National Park, Bhutan, with six new country records, Herpetology Notes, 9: 261-278.

Devi, Y. B., and Shamungou, K. 2006. Amphibian fauna of Manipur State, India. Journal of Experimental Zoology, 9: 317-324.

Frost, D. R. 2019. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (accessed on 28 March, 2019). American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Available from: http://reserch.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html

Mahony, S., Hasan, M. K., Kabir, M. M., Ahmed, M. and Hossain, M. K. 2009. A catalogue of amphibians and reptiles in the collection of Jahangirnargar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Hamadryad, 34: 80-94.

Lau, M.W.N., Dutta, S., Ohler, A., Bordoloi, S., Asmat, G.S.M. 2004. Ingerana borealis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58407A11774694. https://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T58407A11774694.en

Pawar, S. and Birand, A. 2001. A survey of amphibians, reptiles, and birds in Northeast India. CERC Technical Report No. 6. Centre for Ecological Research and Conservation, Mysore: 118 pp.

Hasan, M. K., Khalilullah, M. I., and Feeroz, M. M. 2011. Geographic distribution: Ingerana borealis. Herpetological Review, 42: 385.

Mathew, R., and Sen, N. 2003. Rediscovery of Micrixalus borealis Annandale, 1912 (Ranidae: Anura: Amphibia) from Meghalaya, India. Cobra, 53: 1-4.

Reza, A.H.M.A. 2008. Geographic distribution: Occidozyga borealis. Herpetological Review, 39: 235.

Sailo, S., Lalremsanga, H.T., Hooroo, R.N.K. and Ohler, A. 2009. Ingerana borealis (Annandale, 1912): a new record from Mizoram (India), with notes on its systematic position and natural history. Alytes, 27: 1-12.

Sarker, M.A.R. and Lovlu, A.H. 2014. Geographic distribution: Occidozyga borealis (Northern frog). Herpetological Review, 45(4): 655.

Wogan, G.O.U., Vindum, J.V. Wilkinson, J.A., Koo, M.S., Slowinski, J.B., Win, H., Thin, T., Kyi, S. W., Oo, S.L. Lwin, K.S. and Shein, A.K. 2008. New country records and range extensions for Myanmar amphibians and reptiles. Hamadryad, 33: 83-96.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 > >>