Population Fluctuation of Soil Inhabiting Nematodes in Relation to soil Temperature and moisture at Guava orchard in West Bengal, India


  • Zoological Survey of India, M- Block, New Alipore, Kolkata - 700 053, West Bengal




Correlation, Moisture, Population Fluctuation, Soil Nematode, Temperature.


Soil edaphic factors like temperature and moisture are important for the community composition of nematodes. Those were considered to assess their effects upon the population of soil nematodes. The present work was carried out in a guava (Psidium guajava L.) orchard at Shalipur (West), Baruipur block of South 24-Parganas for three consecutive years. The results revealed that the maximum populations of nematodes were observed during monsoon with a population of 4169/250gm of soil in the month of July. During monsoon low soil temperature (30.10C - 31.80C) and high soil moisture (20% - 26%) in the month of July were also observed. The minimum population (204/250gm of soil) of soil nematodes was observed during pre- and post-monsoon with a wide range of low to high soil temperature (180C - 340C) and low soil moisture (10% - 13%). This reveals a direct effect of these two climatic factors of soil on the population of soil nematodes which has been established by correlation and regression analysis.


Download data is not yet available.




How to Cite

Sen, D. (2017). Population Fluctuation of Soil Inhabiting Nematodes in Relation to soil Temperature and moisture at Guava orchard in West Bengal, India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, 117(4), 376–382. https://doi.org/10.26515/rzsi/v117/i4/2017/121402





Azmi, M.I. 1995. Seasonal population fluctuation behaviour of plant parasitic nematodes in carribean stylo. Indian Journal of Nematology, 25(2): 168-173.

Bakonyi, G. and Nagy, P. 2000. Temperature and moisture induced changes in the structure of nematode fauna of a semi-arid grass land- patterns and mechanisms. Global Change Biology, 6: 697-707.

Bakonyi, G., Nagy, P., Kovács-Láng, E., Kovács, E., Barabás, S., Répási, V. and Seres, A. 2007. Soil nematode community structure as affected by temperature and moisture in a temperate semiarid shrub land. Applied Soil Ecology, 37(1–2): 31-40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2007.03.008

Chowdhury, B.N. and Phukan, P.N. 1990. Seasonal fluctuation of nematode population in banana. Indian Journal of Nematology, 20(2): 189-192.

Christie, J.R. and Perry, V.G. 1951. Removing nematodes from soil. Proceedings of Helminthological Society of Washington, 17: 106-108.

Cobb, N.A. 1918. Estimating the nema population of soil. Agric. Tech. Cir. Us Dept. Agric., 1: 48pp.

Croll, N.A. 1970. The Behaviour of nematode, their activity, senses and responses. Edward Arnold (Publishers) Ltd., London. pp. 1-117.

Das, P.K., Ahmad, N. and Baqri, Q.H. 1984. The study on the seasonal variations in the population of Hirschmanniella gracilis (de Man, 1880) Luc and Goodey, 1964 (Tylenchida: Nematoda) at Hooghly, west Bengal, India. Indian Journal of Helminthology (n. s.), 1: 17-25.

Dasgupta, M.K. 1998. Phytonematology. Naya Prakash, Calcutta, India. pp. 1-846.

Deshmukh, R., Saxena, G.C. and Singh, Y.P. 1990. Seasonal variations in the population of Helicotylenchus dihystera in the rhizosphere of eggplant. Journal of Nematology, 6: 83 – 86.

Dwivedi, B.K., Malhotra, S.K. and Misra, S.L. 1987. Interrelationship of population distribution of Hoplolaimus indicus around root zones of Psidium guajava with season and soil temperature at Allahabad. Indian Journal of Nematology, 17(1): 49 – 53.

Ferris, J.M. 1970. Soil temperature effects on onion seedling injury by Pratylenchus penetrans. Journal of Nematology, 2: 248 – 251.

Griffin, G.D., Asay, K.H. and Horton, W.H. 1996. Factors affecting population trend of plant-parasitic nematodes on Rangeland grasses. Journal of Nematology, 28(1): 107-114.

Griffiths, B.S., Neilson, R. and Bengough, A.G. 2003. Soil factors determined nematode community composition in a two year pot experiment. Nematogy, 5(6): 889-897.

Harris, A.R. 1979. Seasonal population of Xiphinema index in vineyard soils of North-Eastern Victoria, Australia. Nematologica, 25: 336-347.

Jones, R. K. 1980. Population dynamics of Helicotylenchus multicinctus and other nematodes on banana from a subtropical environment. Nematologica, 26: 27-33.

Kamra, A. and Sharma, S.B. 2000. Soil temperature regimes and nematode distribution in India. Indian Journal of Nematology, 30(2): 219-224.

Khan, A.H., Haseeb, A., Rehman, R., Saxena, S.K. and Khan, A.M. 1980. Population fluctuation of some nematodes around roots. Geobios, 7: 55-57.

Khan, M.L. and Sharma, G.C. 1990. Effect of temperature and moisture on population fluctuation of nematodes in an apple orchard. Indian Journal of Nematology, 20(1): 10-13.

Kumar, S. 2002. Population dynamics and seasonal incidence of nematodes in banana. Indian Journal of Nematology, 32(1): 93-94.

Liu, W., Zhang, Z. H. E., and Wan, S. 2009. Predominant role of water in regulating soil and microbial respiration and their responses to climate change in a semiarid grassland. Global Change Biology, 15: 184-195. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01728.x

Mc Sorley, R. 1997. Relationship between crop and rainfall to soil nematode community structure in perennial agro-ecosystem. Applied Soil Ecology, 6: 147-159.

Munteanu, R. 2017. The effects of changing temperature and precipitation on free-living soil Nematoda in Norway. Bachelor degree thesis (Unpublished), Department of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science, Lund University, Sweden. pp. 1-30.

Neher, D.A. 2001. Role of nematodes in soil health and their use as indicators. Journal of Nematology, 33(4): 161-168.

Neilsen, C.O. 1949. Studies on soil microfauna II. The soil inhabiting nematodes. Natura Futlandica, 2: 1-131.

Pinochet, J., Verdejo, S., and Soler, A. 1990. Observations on the seasonal fluctuations of Meloidogyne hapla on Kiwi (Actinidia delicosa) in Spain. Nematropica, 20: 31-37.

Porazinska, D.L., Mc Sorley, R., Duncan, L.W., Graham, J.H., Wheaton, T.A. and Parsons, L.R. 1998. Nematode community composition under various irrigation schemes in a citrus soil ecosystem. Journal of Nematology, 30: 170-179.

Rama, K., and Dasgupta, M.K. 2000. Population ecology and community structure of plant-parasitic nematodes associated with ginger in Northern West Bengal. Indian Journal of Nematology, 30(1): 42-45.

Ramana, K.V., Prasad, J.S. and Rao, Y.S. 1978. Influence of atmospheric conditions and soil temperature on the prevalence of the lance nematode (Hoplolaimus indicus Sher, 1963) in rice fields. Proceedings of Indian Academy of Science B, 87: 39-43.

Sabir, N. 2000. Population fluctuation of important nematodes in the rhizosphere of papaya in Lucknow. Indian Journal of Nematology, 30(2): 261-263.

Sasser, J.N. and Freckman, D.W. 1987. A world perspective on nematology: the role of the society. In: Vistas on Nematology, A commemoration of the 25th. Anniversary of the Nematologists (Eds. A. Veech and D. W. Dickson) Publ. Society of Nematologists, Inc. Hyaattsville, Merryland 87. pp. 7-14.

Sen, D., Chatterjee, A. and Manna, B. 2008. Population fluctuation of Helicotylenchus Steiner, 1945 in relation to soil temperature, moisture and pH in guava orchard at south 24-Parganas, West Bengal, India. Records of the zoological Survey of India, 108(2): 75-81.

Sharma, V. and Kumar, R. 1989. The effect of soil temperature on the population of Hoplolaimus indicus (Nematoda : Hoplolaimidae) under tomato crops in Doon Valley. Revista Parasitology (1987), 4(48): 215 – 218.

Song, M., Li, X., Jing, S., Lei, L., Wang, J. and Wan, S. 2016. Responses of soil nematodes to water and nitrogen additions in old-field grassland. Applied Soil Ecology, 102: 53-60.

Srivastava, N., Rawat, V.S. and Ahmad, M. 2000. Seasonal population dynamics of plant parasitic nematodes associated with Litchi chinensis in Doon Valley, U. P. (India). Indian Journal of Nematology, 30(2): 256-257.

Todd. T.C., Blair, J.M. and Milliken, G.A. 1999. Effects of altered soil-water availability on a tall grass prairie nematode community. Applied Soil Ecology, 13: 45-55.

Waele, D.D. and Wilken, R. 1990. Effects of temperature on the in vitro reproduction of Ditylenchus destructor isolated from ground nut. Revue de Nematologie, 23(2): 171-174.

Wallace, H.R. 1973. Nematode Ecology and Plant Disease. Edward Arnold (Publishers) Ltd., 25 Hill Street, London, 228 pp.

Yeates, G.W. 2002. Pressure plate studies to determine how moisture affects access of bacterial-feeding nematodes to food in soil. European Journal of Soil Science, 53: 355-365.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>